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What’s within the Single Nationwide Curriculum books? In-depth knowledge evaluation of the syllabus


On August 16, 2021, Prime Minister Imran Khan formally launched the Single Nationwide Curriculum (SNC). The newly launched curriculum was ready by the Nationwide Curriculum Council (NCC) and the Ministry of Federal Schooling, in session with the provinces. Based on PM Khan, “SNC would rework the nation right into a unified one.”

What’s SNC?

Based on the Ministry of Federal Schooling and Skilled Coaching, the SNC is a ‘uniform’ system of training, which suggests the identical curriculum for everybody. All public faculties, non-public faculties, and madrassas had been meant to have the identical curriculum in order that the training outcomes are comparable and with none discrimination in instructing requirements. This isn’t the primary time SNC was imposed in Pakistan. It was beforehand launched in 2006 by Former President Musharraf. Whereas the earlier SNC was a curriculum-based initiative, the one launched by the PTI authorities is imposing using the textbooks produced by the provincial boards.

Is it being applied throughout the nation?

No. Sindh has determined to not implement the curriculum since training is a provincial difficulty. Solely Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have enforced it to date. Nonetheless, many faculties in each provinces — together with the celebrated Aitchison Faculty, Lahore — expressed their considerations over the books within the curriculum. The Director of the Nationwide Curriculum Council (NCC), Dr Mariam Chughtai, has additionally stated that madrassas will implement the SNC syllabus in 5 to 6 years, which undermines the explanation why the federal government had wished to introduce the SNC in Pakistan – to carry madrassas into the mainstream so college students would be capable of get jobs in different professions after they graduated.

Controversies surrounding the SNC

After the SNC syllabus was imposed on faculties throughout Punjab, many controversies surrounding the books and the curriculum got here ahead. From the disparity in gender illustration, the reinforcement of patriarchal gender roles, the shortage of feminine heroes, and non secular texts within the non-religious books.

To see if the criticism is legitimate, The Present analysed the next books revealed underneath the Punjab Textbook Board (PTB):

Urdu books from grades 1 to five, English books from grades 1-5, Arithmetic books grades 1, 2, 4, and 5, Normal Science grades 4-5, Waqfiyat Aama grade 1 and three, Social Research 4-5, and Islamiat grade 1- 5.

Two books weren’t obtainable on the time of analysis. Grade 3 Math and Waqfiyat Aama grade 2, which haven’t been included within the research.

The evaluation right here has been divided into two components.

Half one includes the information evaluation of all of the books included within the SNC by the Punjab Textual content Ebook board.

Half two includes the information evaluation of particular person topics being taught to the scholars.

We studied the overall variety of female and male representations within the books, a comparability of the japanese and western put on of each genders, the presence of non secular (Islam and others) content material in non-religious books, and finding out the distribution of energy roles assigned to each women and men.

Right here is the checklist of most typical criticism in opposition to the curriculum and the proof we discovered:

SUMMARY OF CONTENT IN ALL SNC BOOKS

1- Disparity in Gender Illustration:

One of the crucial debatable factors in your complete SNC is the illustration of women and men.

After an intensive analysis, we discovered that the considerations in regards to the disparity in gender illustration are TRUE.

The research reveals {that a} whole of 60.5 p.c of the books have photos of males, together with boys and solely 39.4 p.c of the books have photos of girls, together with women.

2-Ladies represented in hijab vs non-hijab, and girls in western garments:

What the ladies are carrying turned a supply of competition within the dialogue in regards to the SNC, with critics suggesting that the ladies ought to equally signify the nation by way of the hijab, japanese garments, and the selection to put on western put on.

It’s TRUE that there isn’t a equal illustration of girls’s look within the books.

Ladies’s look was divided into three classes.

A) Variety of girls carrying japanese garments with hijab.

B) Variety of girls carrying japanese garments with out hijab.

C) Variety of girls carrying western garments.

Our analysis exhibits that 41.6% of all girls and women within the SNC books are carrying a hijab, 28.9% are carrying japanese garments with no hijab, and 29.4% of the pictures present women carrying western put on. It is very important observe that within the western put on share, nearly all the photos are of younger women. Older girls are usually not proven carrying western put on.

3-Males represented in japanese vs western garments:

For the reason that look of girls in japanese put on and hijab turned controversial, we additionally studied what number of occasions males appeared in western or japanese put on.

A large 79.9 p.c of males had been seen carrying western garments, compared to 20 p.c wearing japanese garments.

4- Extra males in ‘energy roles’ in comparison with girls:

One other controversy urged that the books didn’t present girls in positions of ‘energy’, they usually had been principally listed as helpers or homemakers. Whereas there have been many photos that confirmed girls in ‘inferior roles’ to males, there have been girls that had been proven in roles of energy.

This controversy is TRUE.

We outlined energy roles proven within the books as physician, pilot, lawyer, police officer, visitors warden, military sports activities character, and so on and after analysing all of the books, we discovered {that a} males are given energy roles 3 times greater than girls. The ends in the graphic beneath are based mostly on the overall variety of photos proven of women and men in all of the SNC Punjab books.

I

5. Non secular content material in non-religious books

In nearly all of the books which had been studied, we noticed the presence of non secular references or mentions in non-religious books. Minorities felt their rights had been being compromised since books that aren’t for spiritual research mustn’t have references to a particular faith, which can come underneath the context of ‘preaching’.

In our evaluation, we noticed a complete of seven.77 p.c of non secular textual content in all SNC non-religious books, which lends TRUTH to the truth that there’s spiritual content material in non-religious books.

Non secular content material is current in 7.7 p.c of English, Math, Social Research, Urdu, Science, and Normal Information books.

7.47 p.c of books have references to Islam whereas 0.27 p.c point out different religions in all non-religious books.

Dr Mariam Chughtai, whereas answering a query for The Present in regards to the spiritual references in non-religious books, didn’t present a transparent reply however said that these are mannequin books that require adjustments.

SNC BOOKS ANALYSIS – SUBJECT ANALYSIS

This part of the report includes an evaluation of particular person topics being taught to college students. The themes underneath research had been, Urdu books from grades 1-5, English books from grades 1-5, Arithmetic books grades 1, 2,4, and 5, Normal Science grades 4- 5, Waqfiyat Aama (Normal Information) grades 1-3, Muashrati Uloom (Social Research) grades 4-5.

The graphical illustration of the subject-wise analysis is as follows:

English:

In 668 pages of English books, 58.1 p.c have male illustration whereas females have 41.8 p.c.

29.7 p.c of girls are seen with Hijab and 70.2 p.c are with out Hijab.

There’s a whole of 9.8 p.c presence of non secular textual content in English books. That is based mostly on the overall variety of pages in English books.

Arithmetic:

In 672 pages of the Math books, when gender illustration was analysed, 51.1 p.c of the books have male illustration and 48.8 p.c have feminine illustration.

A complete of 53.9 p.c of females are seen with out hijab and 46 p.c are seen carrying hijab.

The Math books have a 4.1 p.c presence of non secular textual content. That is based mostly on the overall variety of pages in Math books.

Urdu:

The 5 Urdu books comprising 791 pages. A complete of 59.7 p.c presence of males are seen as in comparison with 40.4 p.c of females.

58.5 p.c of girls/women are seen carrying hijab and 41.4 p.c are seen with out hijab.

12.8 p.c of non secular textual content is current in Urdu books. That is based mostly on the overall variety of pages in Urdu books.

Normal Science:

Out of 310 pages, 76.8 p.c have male illustration as in comparison with 23.1 p.c feminine illustration.

64 p.c of girls/women are seen with out hijab and 36 p.c of girls/women are seen with hijab.

The Normal Science books have a 0.96 p.c presence of non secular content material. That is based mostly on the overall variety of pages in Science books.

Waqfiyat Aama (Normal Information):

49.5 p.c of male photos are seen compared to 50.15 p.c of females.

23.1 p.c of females are seen with hijab and 76.8 p.c with out hijab.

There’s a 4.7 p.c presence of non secular textual content within the books studied. That is based mostly on the overall variety of pages in Normal Information books.

Muasharti Uloom (Social Research):

From 234 pages analysed, 65.1 p.c of males/boys are represented within the books and 34.8 p.c of females are proven.

36.8 p.c of females are seen with out hijab and 63.1 p.c are seen with hijab.

10.2 p.c of non secular content material is current within the books. That is based mostly on the overall variety of pages in Social Research books.

The final portion of the report highlights the professionals and cons, which we have now noticed in nearly all of the books. Now we have supplied each constructive and damaging outcomes deduced from the books after cautious evaluation.

The constructive end result deduced from the books:

1. The books are regionally revealed and designed. The books are inexpensive, with a complete set for one grade set at Rs. 800 per little one in line with Dr Chughtai.

2. There’s a public service message printed on the finish of every ebook to lift consciousness in opposition to speaking to strangers, crossing the highway, exercising, and even details about combating dengue.

The attainable damaging affect of the books

1. After analysing the books, we deduced that principally nuclear households have been proven within the books. No illustration of single dad and mom or kids being raised by guardians is seen. Furthermore, the presence of each dad and mom is seen as nearly important in all tales within the books.

2. Ladies are principally proven doing home work, taking good care of the household, and taking care of their kids. In tales as nicely, they appear to return second to their male counterparts.

3. As mentioned intimately above, there’s the presence of non secular textual content in non-religious books.

4. The stylisation of the books are obscure, fonts and texts are manner too clustered. The standard of the pages is just not refined, making them unattractive and complicated for college kids.

CONCLUSION:

Based on NCC director, Dr Chughtai, the curriculum is an evolving course of and the books could be modified in future publications, based mostly on the response by faculties and fogeys. The most important hurdle to the books is that the lecturers haven’t been skilled in instructing these new books and in line with Dr Chughtai, it’s as much as the varsity to show and implement the books. There are not any worksheets given with the books and from preliminary scholar reactions, college students are confused and cautious of books which can be specified by a clustered style. There’s additionally the topic of a language change. The place college students research basic data, a precursor to Science, in Urdu, they change to tough English in grades 4-5.

Whereas the federal government needs to be counseled in making an attempt to create a nationwide syllabus, the pressured enforcement of the books together with the shortage of supplemental data and coaching will make this very tough for lecturers and college students. Furthermore, dad and mom needs to be given a selection as to what they need their kids to review. This implementation needs to be a free selection somewhat than that of enforcement. What would have been a sensible strategy is that the federal government ought to have improved the construction of the federal government/public faculties, supplied higher trainer coaching, spent extra on financially enhancing the circumstances somewhat than decreasing the usual for all.

*Graphics credit: Asma Ahmad (Graphic Designer)

How did we acquire the information?

The proportion of male characters within the books: Divided the overall variety of male by the overall variety of characters.
The proportion of feminine characters within the books: Divided the overall variety of feminine by the overall variety of characters.


The proportion of Islam:
Divided the Islamic photos or references given within the books by the variety of whole pages of all books.
The proportion of different faith: Divided the opposite religions photos or reference given within the books by the variety of whole pages of all books.


The proportion of feminine energy roles:
Divided the variety of feminine by the overall variety of characters (feminine and male).
The proportion of male energy roles: Divided the overall variety of male by the overall variety of characters (feminine and male).

The identical course of/calculation/technique was utilized to the findings of every ebook.



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Zain Ali

Zain Ali

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